Tanzania

Country Overview

Fertilizer Market

Fertilizer Prices

Market Comments

OCTOBER 2020

Market Comments

Planting of maize in the Vuli/Bimodal areas ended in October. The Ministry of Agriculture is set to supervise the distribution of free fertilizers by Yara Tanzania Company to all small-scale farmers. The Ministry is to ensure that the fertilizer is distributed to the intended people. At least 83,000 small-scale farmers in 25 regions of Mainland Tanzania are set to benefit from the programme. Dar es Salaam Region has been excluded since it has a small number of farmers. Yara is also looking to distribute 2,500 tonnes of NPK fertilisers worth 16.5bn/- which would go to maize and rice farmers. They will also provide the beneficiaries free advice from YARA extension officers to improve crop production.



AUGUST 2020

Market Comments

Some of the adult swarms are starting to mature, suggesting the possibility of a generation of breeding once the short rains start in October. On 22 August, at least one swarm crossed into northeast Uganda and reportedly spread to Moroto, Amudati, Napak districts while another swarm arrived in Southeast South Sudan to the south of Kapoeta in Eastern Equatoria. The swarms are mobile and not expected to mature or breed in either country. In Northeastern Ethiopia, mature swarms from Afar concentrated along a 400 km stretch of the escarpment on the eastern edges of the Amhara and Tigray highlands where egg-laying will cause hopper bands to form. So far, at least one band has formed in Tigray, south of Mekele. Aerial and ground control operations are in progress. Immature swarms persist in the Harar Highlands, in nearby eastern areas, and on the plateau in Northwest Somalia where aerial control operations are in progress using biopesticides. These swarms could mature and eventually breed in areas of rainfall, including the northwest coast where adult groups are present.

Harvesting of 2020 “masika” season crops (maize, sorghum, and millet), planted in March in northern, northeastern, and coastal bi modal rainfall areas continued in August. Some farmers are preparing their lands for the October season. Fertilizer prices − although controlled by government − are currently low. The demand is low as the sales. One Acre Fund (OAF) has floated a tender to procure CAN and NPK 17-17-17 for their Tanzania program. The fertilizer distribution to OAF’s farmers, for the 2021 season, starts around October 1, 2020.



JULY 2020

Market Comments

Seasonal crops such as maize (Vuli/Bimodal), Maize and Sorghum (Msimu/Unimodal), Rice (Msimu/Unimodal) are awaiting their planting seasons. Harvesting of 2020 “masika” season crops (maize, sorghum, and millet), planted in March in northern, northeastern, and coastal bi modal rainfall areas began in July to be extended to August.

Currently there are no fertilizer shortages in the country as the Tanzanian Fertilizer Regulation Authority is on schedule to ensure timely supply.

Most DAP prices remained stable. However, there was a 1% price increase in 1 location.

Most NPK prices remained stable. However, there was an average of 6% price increase in 4 locations.

Most CAN prices remained stable. However, there was a -7% price decrease in 1 location and 12% price increase in 4 locations

Most Urea prices remained stable. However, there was a -3% price decrease in 1 location and 12% price increase in 3 locations.



APRIL 2020

Market Comments

The cropping season in East and Southern Africa occurs from November to April, so most fertilizers were already in-country and applied or well down the distribution channel before the impact of Covid 19 began.

There is adequate stock in the country, so no shortage is expected.



SEPTEMBER 2019

Market Comments

Currently there is low usage of fertilizers in the country as the summer season is ongoing. There is no subsidy but a price directive by the government.
New OCP plant in Tanzania
A U$14 million (over 32.2bn/-) fertilizer manufacturing factory will be built in the outskirts of Dar es Salaam soon as negotiations between the government and Morocco based OCP Africa are at advanced stage. OCP Tanzania country manager said that they will manufacture Nitrogen Sulfur and Phosphorus and NSP Zinc fertilizers with high nutrient content suitable for paddy rice production in the seaside district. The plant which will have capacity of over 40,000 metric tons per annum will create thousands of jobs and save the country billions of shillings currently being spent to import artificial fertilizers which local farmers need.
Currently OCP Africa produces different fertilizer that includes Urea and DAP which are used by cereal farmers and those engaged in cotton, vegetable and fruit production, among other commodities. On her part, Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute’s Mlingano Centre researcher, Dr Catherine Senkoro said TARI will work in partnership with OCP Africa to ensure farmers obtain fertilizer that is suitable for their soil type and crop needs.



AUGUST 2019

Market Comments

Generally, there is low usage of fertilizers this month. According to GIEWS remote sensing analysis and the Tanzania Meteorological Agency, the March‑May rainy season was characterized by inadequate precipitation amounts received over several cropping areas, and cereal production is expected at below‑average levels. Particularly, significant crop production shortfalls are expected in northeastern Arusha, Kilimanjaro and Tanga regions, where cumulative seasonal rains were about 40 percent below average.
There is no government subsidy on fertilizers but there is a price directive. ETG is the selected company which imports fertilizers. Most imports are done in bulk and distributed across the country.



JULY 2019

Market Comments

The dry season has begun and no much farming is going on. This translates to low usage of fertilizers across the country. There is no government subsisdy on fertilizers but there is a price directive set by the government although price can change depending on the geographical location of the agro dealers. The one company that won the tender is the only importer of fertilizers.



JUNE 2019

Market Comments

There is low usage of fertilizers this month as farmers are harvesting in most parts of the country. There is no government subsidy but there is price directive set by the government. However, the concept of distance to the agro dealer shops is included in the price directive.



MAY 2019

Market Comments

The usage and sales of fertilizer is increasing in the Central and Northern regions as farmers are busy planting. In the Southern and Lake zone regions the usage is low.
There is no government subsidy, but there is price directive to control the market and inflation.



APRIL 2019

Market Comments

Farmers are still waiting for the rains in Tanzania. The usage of fertilizer in April is low due to the shortage of rains in the country.
The price of fertilizers is still high because of imported costs. There is no government subsidy, but there is price directive by government.



MARCH 2019

Market Comments

The planting season is ongoing and fertilizer demand is high across the country. There is no government subsidy on fertilizers but there is price directive. The high fertilizer prices were attributed to high cost of fertilizer import.



FEBRUARY 2019

Market Comments

The usage of fertilizer in this month is very high because it is the rainy season and farmers are planting. The demand of Urea is quite high now because farmers are planting rice which uses a lot of Urea.
The government of Tanzania still applies price directive, although some agrodealers don’t follow this order and give their own prices.
Tanzania government through government procurement system announced tender for only one company to import once in bulk then other companies purchase and distribute around the country.

 

 

 

 

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Arusha com 60000 50000 50000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 42000 41000 38500 33000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 48000 47000 50000 62000 61000 61000 45000 39000 40000
Njombe com 40000 42000 41000 67000 67500 31000 35000 34000
Tarime com 55000 55000 62000

JANUARY 2019

Market Comments

This month registered high usage of fertilizers in the Southern part of the country where planting is going on. The demand in other areas is low especially in Central region where planting is yet to start. The price of fertilizer this January is still high because of import cost.
There is no government subsidy, but there is a price directive by the government. The government policy on fertilizer in Tanzania is importing in bulk, and the government also sets prices.

 

 

 

 

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Arusha com 60000 50000 50000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 42000 41000 38500 33000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 48000 47000 50000 62000 61000 61000 45000 39000 40000
Njombe com 40000 42000 41000 67000 67500 31000 35000 34000
Tarime com 55000 55000 62000

DECEMBER 2018

Market Comments

The usage of fertilizer in this month is still low in the central country regions. In Northern region there is no significant change in prices or demand.
There is no government subsidy but there is directive price. This month of December has recorded high import cost that has resulted in increased fertilizer prices. However, the government still has the directive policy on fertilizer prices. This has discouraged the agro dealers who are stating low profits.

 

 

 

 

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Arusha com 60000 50000 50000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 42000 41000 38500 33000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 48000 47000 50000 62000 61000 61000 45000 39000 40000
Njombe com 40000 42000 41000 67000 67500 31000 35000 34000
Tarime com 55000 55000 62000

NOVEMBER 2018

Market Comments

The usage of fertilizer in November is still low in the central region because of the low rainfall in the region. In northern region, the demand is high compared to last month due to the high rainfall experienced in the month. The government subsidized price on the fertilizers is yet to be effected but there is directive price as a government policy across the country. This has however discouraged many agro-dealers from stocking fertilizers because of the low profits.

 

 

 

 

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Arusha com 60000 50000 50000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 42000 41000 38500 33000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 48000 47000 50000 62000 61000 61000 45000 39000 40000
Njombe com 40000 42000 41000 67000 67500 31000 35000 34000
Tarime com 55000 55000 62000

OCTOBER 2018

Market Comments

The fertilizer usage this October is still less due to dry season. The Government still has the directive price for DAP and Urea while other fertilizers are in open market.

 

 

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Aug -18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Oct -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Oct -18
Arusha com 50000 60000 50000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 40000 42000 41000 38000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 50000 48000 47000 62000 61000 40000 45000 39000
Njombe com 44000 40000 42000 67000 67000 34000 31000 35000
Tarime com 48000 55000 62000

SEPTEMBER 2018

Market Comments
Tanzania Fertilizer Regulation Authority (TFRA) is the government authority that monitors the fertilizer market. Government still has set prices for DAP and Urea. The government has also directed the importation of Urea and DAP in bulk.
Swiss Singapore Tanzania Ltd and OCP Morocco won the TFRA tender to import Urea and DAP respectively


Sales trend (comparisons from to June to July)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Jul -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Jul -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Jul -18 Aug -18 Sep -18
Arusha com 48000 50000 60000 47000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 41500 40000 42000 33000 38000 33000
Mvomero com 45000 50000 48000 58000 62000 40000 45000
Njombe com 45500 44000 40000 67000 67000 36000 34000 31000
Tarime com 53000 48000 62000 62000

AUGUST 2018

Market Comments
Fertilizer prices have been stable over the period due to the presence of large stock by the big suppliers in the country. The low demand of the same fertilizers is due to the ongoing harvesting translating to low volume of sales.
Government has announced a fertilizer tender for the year 2018-2019 in order to get a company that will import fertilizers for the coming season. The company name is yet to be made public.


Sales trend (comparisons from to June to July)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Jun -18 Jul -18 Aug-18 Jun -18 Jul -18 Aug-18 Jun -18 Jul -18 Aug-18
Arusha com 50000 48000 50000 47000 47000 40000
Morogoro com 41500 41500 40000 33000 33000 38000
Mvomero com 44000 45000 50000 62000 58000 40000
Njombe com 45500 45500 44000 67000 67000 67000 36000 36000 34000
Tarime com 51000 53000 48000 62000 62000 62000

JULY 2018

Market Comments
In July, the fertilizer sales trend is still showing a decrease due to the current harvesting period. The government policy on fertilizer in Tanzania still has directive price, therefore the government has announced fertilizer tender for the year of 2018-2019 in order to get a company that will import fertilizer for the coming season. The company that will supply fertilizer under the tender will be announced soon.


Sales trend (comparisons from to June to July)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type May -18 Jun -18 Jul -18 May -18 Jun -18 Jul -18 May -18 Jun -18 Jul -18
Arusha com 50000 50000 48000 45000 47000 47000
Morogoro com 41500 41500 41500 35000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 44000 44000 45000 58000 62000 58000
Njombe com 45500 45500 45500 67000 67000 67000 36000 36000 36000
Tarime com 53000 51000 53000 63000 62000 62000

JUNE 2018

Market Comments 
In June, the harvesting season is ongoing thus low usage in fertilizers and the decreasing trend in fertilizer sales during this period
The government policy on fertilizer in Tanzania still has directive on price, thus it has announced fertilizer tender for the year of 2018-2019, in order to get a company that will import fertilizer for the coming season.
The African Development Bank (AfDB) Group and Export Trading Group (ETG) have signed a financial agreement worth $ 100 million loan to finance support agriculture on the African continent. The cash will also be used to support fertilizer projects in Kenya and Zambia and help reinforce the processing Plants in Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Togo, Ethiopia, Benin, Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Uganda among other nations.


Sales trend (comparisons from to May to June)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18 Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18 Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18
Arusha com 44000 50000 50000 40000 45000 47000
Morogoro com 41000 41500 41500 35000 35000 33000
Mvomero com 44000 55000 58000 58000 62000
Njombe com 45500 45500 45500 67000 67000 67000 36000 36000 36000
Tarime com 51000 53000 51000 63000 62000 62000

MAY 2018

Market Comments 

In May, there has been a decrease in usage of DAP fertilizers due to the ongoing flooding. For some areas in Arusha region, crops have been severely affected by flooding. Most of the crops are at the top dressing stage with long-rain season getting to an end.


Sales trend (comparisons from to April to May)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18
Arusha com 44000 50000 40000 40000 45000
Morogoro com 41000 41500 35000 35000
Mvomero com 44000 60000 58000 58000
Njombe com 48000 45500 45500 66000 67000 67000 36000 36000 36000
Tarime com 56000 51000 53000 61000 63000 62000

APRIL 2018

Market Comments 

Currently, the price for CAN has dropped to Tsh.41, 500 per 50 kg bag while the prices for DAP and Urea are still the same as that of March. There is price subsidy on the DAP and Urea Fertilizers. The long rain season is currently ongoing and farmers are topdressing their crops.


Sales trend (comparisons from to March to April)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Eldoret Minjingu rock Phosphate

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18
Arusha com 50000 44000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 48000 41000 33000 35000
Mvomero com 49000 65000 60000 58000 45000
Njombe com 48500 48000 45500 66000 66000 67000 39000 36000 36000
Tarime com 58500 56000 51000 61000 61000 63000

MARCH 2018

Market Comments 

In March, there has been a shortage of Urea in certain regions of the country. Some of the agro-dealers with Urea stocks were not willing to sell it separately but combined with other products such as SA, CAN and DAP.
Planting for main cropping season has started, main crops include sunflower, maize, rice and beans. DAP and Urea fertilizers indicative prices are set by the government under the BPS but there is limited availability as most of the agro-dealers are not selling the fertilizers because of low margins.
In addition, there is big supply of BPS fertilizers at the importer level as agro-dealers are not willing to buy the commodity causing farmers to plant without fertilizers.


Sales trend (comparisons from to February to March)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Eldoret Minjingu rock Phosphate

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18
Arusha com 56000 50000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 42000 48000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 45000 49000 62000 65000 60000 45000 45000
Njombe com 47000 48500 48000 66000 66000 66000 38000 39000 36000
Tarime com 58000 58500 56000 61000 61000 61000

FEBRUARY 2018

Market Comments 

There has been a shortage of Urea and DAP fertilizers especially in the southern region of the country. The selling price of Urea and DAP are set by the government under the Bulk Procurement System (BPS). In the current season, there has been increase in the price of Urea by $124 per ton compared to the previous season. Tanzania Fertilizer Company (TFC) was awarded the tender of importing fertilizers during this season. It’s the currently the planting phase of maize, rice and horticultural crops.


Sales trend (comparisons from January to February)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Eldoret Minjingu rock Phosphate

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Mbeya CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Arusha Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Morogoro CAN

NPK 15 9 20

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Ammonium sulphate
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18
Arusha com 60000 56000 50000 40000 40000 40000
Morogoro com 42000 42000 48000 33000 33000 33000
Mvomero com 48000 45000 49000 62000 62000 35000 45000 45000 45000
Njombe com 40000 47000 48500 66000 66000 31000 38000 39000
Tarime com 58000 58500 61000 61000

JANUARY 2018

Market Comments 

The rainy season has started and the demand for fertilizers is very high but farmers have to travel longer distances to hub agro-dealers (wholesalers) to access fertilizers. Most of the retail agro-dealers are not handling DAP and Urea fertilizers due to price controls set by the government that do not allow them to make profit margins.


Sales trend (comparisons from December to January)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Eldoret Minjingu rock Phosphate

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

CAN

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18
Mbeya com 44500 56000
sub 41000
Morogoro com 42000 42000
sub 38464 38200
Mvomero com 48000 45000 62000 62000
sub 38500

DECEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

Although the demand for fertilizers was high, supply of DAP and Urea was low at the retail agro-dealer level. Input retailers have not purchased from the wholesalers where the supply is high because the set market price by the government for DAP and Urea, does not allow profitable margins.

Most retail agro-dealers have sold other fertilizers that are more profitable than DAP and Urea. According to agro-dealers in the Southern and Northern regions there was improvement in sales in December compare to last month. Meanwhile, agro-dealers in central Tanzania are waiting for the next season.


Sales trend (comparisons from November to December)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Eldoret Minjingu rock Phosphate

Niombe Ammonium Sulphate

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP Urea 46%
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17
Mbeya com 54000
Songea com 54000 49000 49000
Sumbawanga com 56000 56800 44000 44000

NOVEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

The bulk procurement system is now proceeding smoothly with the Government sending out indicative selling prices at all levels, farm gate and town.

The rainy season has begun in the Southern highlands with increased sales of fertilizer, given that planting is beginning this month.


Sales trend (comparisons from October to November)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Songea CAN

DAP

Urea

 Sumbawanga DAP

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP Urea 46%
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17
Mbeya com 55000 54000 45000 42000 54000
Songea com 54000 54000 42000 49000
Sumbawanga com 65000 56000 56800 47000 44000

OCTOBER 2017

Market Comments 

The planting season for the short rain season has just begun, fertilizer sales are on the increase.  Recommended prices are almost the same in most areas as government has resolved to make bulk procurement for DAP, UREA and CAN this year. Some Hub agro dealers have resorted to retail sales instead of wholesale as they have not been paid for participating in the subsidy distribution two years ago.


Sales trend (Comparisons from September to October)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mbeya CAN

DAP

Urea

 Sumbawanga DAP

Price trends over the past 2 months

CAN DAP Urea 46%
TZS/ 50 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17
Mbeya com 42000 45000 55000 54000 45000 42000
Songea com 42000 54000 42000
Sumbawanga com 46000 65000 56000 47000
Publications

Tanzania Fertilizer Statistics Overview 2014         2016 Joint CountrySTAT KE_TZ_ET FTWG Workshop Report         2014 Kenya &Tanzania FTWG Workshop Meeting minutes (23-25 June 2014)  Tanzania - Fertilizer Market Assessment (IFDC AFAP, June 2012)    An Action Plan for Developing Sustainable Agricultural Input Supply Systems in Tanzania