Kenya

Country Overview

Fertilizer Market

Fertilizer Prices

Market Comments

OCTOBER 2020

Market Comments

Planting of September short rain crops such as barley, maize, millet, sorghum, and beans has begun, while harvesting of long rain crops such as wheat, millet, maize, beans, and barley is in progress. Agrodealers are recording increased sales of DAP and NPK 23 23 0. The retail price of DAP has increased due to increased import costs.

Agrodealers in Kenya have received assurance from the government that the market is liberalized for free trade without interference from state agencies. The Ministry of Agriculture has also pledged to hold discussions with the Ministry of Transport to find ways of ending delays in offloading fertilizers at the Port of Mombasa. Agrodealers complained that ships sometimes wait two weeks for fertilizers to be offloaded. So far, 485,000 metric tons of fertiliser has been imported by private dealers this year, and it is expected to rise to 640,000 metric tons by December.



SEPTEMBER 2020

Market Comments

Planting of short rain crops such as barley, maize, wheat, and sorghum is ongoing. Long rain crops such as maize and wheat are in their final stages of maturity while millet is being harvested in most regions. The demand for fertilizers is currently low. Agrodealers have recorded low sales volumes leading to slight drops in demand, especially for DAP and NPK 23 23 0.

As part of Yara’s international food security initiative worth 800 million shillings, every farmer will receive fertilizer for planting and topdressing during October through the December short rains.  Approximately 10,000 smallholder maize farmers from vulnerable communities in Kiambu and Murang’a counties will receive 1,000 tonnes of fertilizer to increase their production.

Impact of Covid 19 on Kenyan Farmers

The financial situation of about nine out of ten farmers has worsened during the COVID 19 pandemic. According to recent data released by 60 Decibels, Kenyan farmers are being economically squeezed by decreasing demand for their produce, falling prices, and increasing costs of raw materials and supplies. Farmers are being forced to adjust to cope with the pandemic’s economic fallout. Approximately 90 percent of farmers have reduced the number of people hired to work on their farms. These adjustments are critical due to farmers’ diminishing non-farm incomes and increasing food prices.



AUGUST 2020

Market Comments

Some of the adult swarms are starting to mature, suggesting the possibility of a generation of breeding once the short rains start in October. On 22 August, at least one swarm crossed into northeast Uganda and reportedly spread to Moroto, Amudati, Napak districts while another swarm arrived in Southeast South Sudan to the south of Kapoeta in Eastern Equatoria. The swarms are mobile and not expected to mature or breed in either country. In Northeastern Ethiopia, mature swarms from Afar concentrated along a 400 km stretch of the escarpment on the eastern edges of the Amhara and Tigray highlands where egg-laying will cause hopper bands to form. So far, at least one band has formed in Tigray, south of Mekele. Aerial and ground control operations are in progress. Immature swarms persist in the Harar Highlands, in nearby eastern areas, and on the plateau in Northwest Somalia where aerial control operations are in progress using biopesticides. These swarms could mature and eventually breed in areas of rainfall, including the northwest coast where adult groups are present.

Farmers in most regions are preparing their lands for the short rainy season. Harvesting of the short-term crops such as barley, sorghum and beans that were planted in March/April is going on. It is anticipated that there will be no shortage of fertilizers for the season because during the period of COVID 19, fertilizers were treated as essential commodities. There was an average increase in basal fertilizer prices. This can be attributed to the short planting season that is coming up. Stockists are busy stocking up fertilizers for the upcoming season.


JULY 2020

Market Comments

Locust swarms have declined in the northwest, mainly in Marsabit County, but continue to be present in Turkana where aerial and ground control operations are in progress. The scale of migration of remaining swarms from Kenya is likely to be smaller than previously anticipated due to ongoing control operations.

Long rains planting season has come to an end and most farmers have started harvesting the early maturing crops such as barley and millet.

The demand for fertilizers is currently low since it is off season. Also, fertilizer is being treated as an essential product hence not affected by the Covid 19 restriction measures by the government. Stockists have indicated that there is enough stock in the country to meet demand.

Most DAP prices were stable. However, there was an average of -9% price decrease in 4 locations and 8% price increase in 6 locations

Most NPK prices were stable. However, there was an average of -4% price decrease in 2 locations and 9% price increase in 6 locations.

Most CAN prices increased. However, there was an average of -11% price decrease in 2 locations and 15% price increase in 16 locations.

Most Urea prices were stable. However, there was a 9% price increase in 1 location.



JUNE 2020

Market Comments

In East and Southern Africa, most countries have registered no shortages of fertilizer from the supply side. This is because the fertilizers for the 2020 season were already in the country before the pandemic. However, some issues such as blank sailing notices by shipping lines may possibly affect fertilizer orders in the coming months. The COVID 19 restriction measures at the ports, roads, and borders haver not really affected fertilizer products because they are treated as essential commodities, except for delays due to reduced operators and COVID 19 testing exercises.

The long rains are coming to an end in most parts of the country. Farmers in the North and South Rift regions are doing top dressing for maize and beans using Urea and CAN. Prices of DAP have also dropped in these regions because most farmers are through with planting.

In Eastern Region, most farmers are harvesting, so fertilizer demand is low. The rains have come to an end and there is not much farm activity. The region was not really affected by the plague of locusts, so farmers are expecting a bumper harvest.

In Mwea, Central Region, farmers are busy preparing their land for planting rice. There is enough stock of fertilizers to meet the demand. However, stockists in the Nairobi Region have registered shortage of TSP. They are attributing this to disruptions in importation caused by COVID 19.

The Kenya Tea Development Agency (KTDA) says it has suspended the importation of fertilizers for smallholder tea farmers for the year 2020 citing disruptions in the importation chain. The firm says it sought and obtained expert advice from the Tea Research Institute on the effects on productivity of skipping one year of fertilizer application. The research institute gave KTDA the go-ahead to skip the application for the year, adding that it will have no significant losses in yields, subject to adequate rainfall.



MAY 2020

Market Comments

The cropping season in East and Southern Africa occurs from November to April, so most fertilizers were already in-country and applied or well down the distribution channel before the impact of Covid 19 began. Only small amounts of top-dressing fertilizers are currently arriving. In most countries, fertilizer associations and private sector companies are working closely with ministry officials to ensure efficiency in the distribution channel within the COVID 19 restrictions.

In all ESA countries, fertilizers are being treated as an essential good hence it has not really been affected by the restriction measures except for delays and congestions at the ports and borders.

The government announced this month that it will no longer purchase, distribute, sell, or set prices of fertiliser, seeds, or any farm inputs. Going forward, the government will focus on its key role, that of creating an enabling environment for producers and traders to make and execute commercial decisions while ensuring that commercial interests, especially on imports, do not disadvantage local producers and consumers.

During this period, the government has also announced the release of $30M for the supply of farm inputs (fertilizers, seeds, and Crop Protection Products) through  e-vouchers targeting 200,000 small scale farmers, and KSh 1.5 Billion for horticulture & flower producers to access international markets.

Counties Observations

In most parts of the country, farmers have completed planting and doing top dressing for most of their crops. However, in Narok and Kajiado counties, some farmers are still planting. Hence, the sales volume of DAP is still high but prices have started dropping.

In Nairobi and Mombasa counties, most stockists are experiencing slow sales. The main reason for this is because of cessation of movement in and out of these counties because of restriction measures by the government to prevent the spread of COVID 19.

In Transzoia County, which is the main area for maize plantation, there is increased sale of CAN and Urea which are used for top dressing. There is low volume of sales for DAP and in turn a drop in prices of the same.

In Mwea region, farmers are busy preparing their farms for planting. Most stockists have started stocking Urea and Ammonium Sulphate which are mainly used for planting rice.



APRIL 2020

Market Comments

The cropping season in East and Southern Africa occurs from November to April, so most fertilizers were already in-country and applied or well down the distribution channel before the impact of Covid 19 began.

The Government subsidy program has ended, so Government is no longer purchasing fertilizer through the National Cereals and Produce Board, but the implementation of National Value Chain Program is in progress. Target beneficiaries are to get fertilizers, seeds, agrochemicals, and lime. For basal fertilizers, stocks are available. For top dressing, there is availability of CAN but Urea is scarce for now, but shipments are anticipated to arrive end April/May. The prices of basal fertilizers such as DAP have started dropping because most farmers are done with planting and doing top dressing. Imports of top-dressing fertilizers may be impacted by the new regulations on bagging by the quay side.



MARCH 2020

Market Comments

Huge swarms of locusts are destroying crops and pasturelands in some East African countries. According to experts, the prolonged and exceptionally wet weather is causing hundreds of millions of the desert locusts to thrive. The situation remains extremely alarming specifically in Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia where widespread breeding is in progress and new swarms are starting to form. This situation presents a potential threat to food security and livelihoods at the beginning of the upcoming cropping season.

Following the COVID 19 pandemic, there is shortage in fertilizer supply in the country. Most of the countries producing fertilizers, including China, have stopped production and shipping of fertilizer products, causing shortages across the country. Other fertilizer producing countries have also locked down.  The floriculture industry, which is a high consumer (valued at Ksh 500 million) of fertilizer, has been adversely affected by COVID 19, resulting in the close-down of local and international flower farms and auction markets.

Fertilizer prices in the market have shot up because big farms which had foreseen the looming shortage bought and stocked huge volumes of fertilizer, thus creating further shortage. For instance, Calcium Nitrate which used to be sold at Ksh 34 per Kg now goes for Ksh 60. The large-scale vegetable export farms including Flamingo Growers and VegPro are also consuming large amounts of fertilizers since it is anticipated that demand for food will increase. In all this, the small-scale sector has not been affected much by the pandemic. The rainfall distribution across the country is encouraging smallholder farmers to grow more.

In the Mwea region, the demand for Ammonium Sulphate is high because this is the planting season for rice, while in the Lower Eastern region, farmers are currently planting tomatoes.  In the Rift Valley region, the demand for DAP and NPK is high because farmers are preparing their lands for the upcoming season. However, the fears of the locusts invasion are discouraging most farmers.



FEBRUARY 2020

Market Comments

In Nairobi County, the demand for fertilizer is still low but gradually picking up. The prices of most basal fertilizers such as DAP were low in the previous months but increasing now as farmers are preparing their farms for planting. The price of Urea and CAN are still low. Agrodealers have enough stock to meet the anticipated demand.

In Nakuru County, demand and sale of the fertilizers are high. Farmers are busy preparing their farms for the March planting season. Agrodealers have also stocked their shops, so fertilizers are readily available to farmers.

In Kisumu County, the demand for fertilizers like DAP and NPK is still low, but gradually picking up. However, the demand and sale of Sulphate of Ammonia are high because most farmers are planting rice. The price of top-dressing fertilizers such as Urea and CAN are also picking up as there are farmers who planted early. Agrodealers have stocked their shops hence there is enough fertilizers available to meet the current demand.

In Narok and Meru Counties, planting has already started. The demand and the sale of fertilizers are high in most regions of the counties. It has also been observed that agrodealers have stocked their shops, so there are enough fertilizers available to meet the current demand. In Kiambu region, CAN is on high demand because there are farmers who planted early in the month and are now doing top-dressing.



JANUARY 2020

Market Comments

The sales volume for the fertilizers has increased slightly in this month due to the rains that have been going on in the country. Wholesale prices have also gone up due to delays at the Mombasa port and the importers are passing the charges on to agrodealers who are also increasing the retail prices.

In parts of Rift Valley province like Kericho, Eldoret and Kitale, the sales volume for planting fertilizers at this time is low as farmers have just finished harvesting maize and are busy preparing their lands for planting which begins in February.

In Kiambu, Muranga and Nyeri in the Central region, the sales volume of fertilizer has dropped because maize has already flowered, and the green maize is almost ready. This has led to drop in fertilizer prices.

In rice growing regions like Mwea, agrodealers there increased sale of fertilizers like Ammonium Sulphate and Urea which are used to top-dress rice. Also, farmers who grow tomatoes and French beans by irrigation have increased the sale of DAP and NPKs like 17.17.17, 23.23.0 and CAN.

In the Eastern region areas like Machakos, Meru and Embu, sales were low except CAN and Urea which are used for topdressing maize. A bumper harvest was expected in the coming months, but it seems this will not materialize because locusts have invaded the region.



DECEMBER 2019

Market Comments

The country has experienced above-average rainfall from November. Crops in some regions have been washed away while others have been submerged by floods causing harvests to rot on farms.

When the short rainy season started in early October, most farmers rushed to plant maize, beans, tomatoes and vegetables, among other crops. As has been in the past, the rains were expected to be heavy in October and reduce in intensity as time goes by to allow crops to flourish.

From Central to Western, Coastal and the usually dry North, farmers are counting losses due to heavy rains in the regions. Because of all this, demand and supply of fertilizers has dropped immensely. Farmers are waiting for the rains to subside to begin cultivation to recover the lost crops. In highland areas such as Mount Kenya and South Rift regions where floods are less experienced, farmers are doing garden farming for crops like vegetables. In highland areas such as Mount Kenya and South Rift regions, there is little use of fertilizers which does not really disrupt the fertilizer market. So generally, fertilizer prices have dropped because of the low demand.



NOVEMBER 2019

Market Comments

Heavy rains are currently ongoing in the country. Farmers in the North and South Rift regions are waiting for the rains to subside to begin harvesting maize. Fertilizer usage and demand is currently low as most farmers are cultivating vegetables and beans mostly for subsistence use. Fertilizer prices have also dropped.



OCTOBER 2019

Market Comments

Heavy rains are ongoing in most parts of the country. Farmers are rushing to harvest maize in western regions while in other areas maize has not matured yet. Fertilizer demand is currently low, hence low prices. Currently, farmers who are growing vegetables (mostly for subsistence use) are those who are demanding the fertilizers.



SEPTEMBER 2019

Market Comments
The fertilizer prices have dropped this month. This is due to low sales from most agro dealer shops in the country. In term of availability of stock, according to wholesalers, there is enough stock available to satisfy the demand. There is anticipated increase in price and sales of fertilizer next month because of the planting season.
Agriculture boost
The government has set aside Sh48.5 billion this financial year to boost agriculture in the country. The Agriculture Cabinet Secretary (CS), Mwangi Kiunjuri said the money would go towards supporting agriculture activities to boost food security.
According to the CS, observatory platforms have been established by the support of the World Bank with the aim of monitoring climate for better farming activities. The observatory platforms will give farmers an opportunity to read the weather patterns to include them in their planning.
The CS said that Sh371.5 million has been invested in maize and potatoes to cushion farmers against natural occurrences. He said at least 416, 000 farmers have benefited from the program. countrywide and asked local farmers to join the insurance scheme. He said that the 2019 population and housing census included agriculture census model which would provide a framework for the government to an agriculture digitalization strategy to help the government in planning for farmers.
The CS said agriculture played a key role in the GDP of this country, adding that in 2018, agriculture contributed 32% directly to the GDP of the country and 27% indirectly through linkages in manufacturing. The farmers would continue to benefit from government interventions, adding that five counties had been selected for case studies where they would be provided with farm inputs that would include lime, seeds and fertilizer to test on productivity.
The CS asked farmers to embrace innovations and technology in their farming activities to improve production. Kiunjuri said that the warehouse system at National Cereals board is now working and would improve on efficiency on storage. This year’s theme was innovation, technology in agriculture and trade and was aimed at imparting new skills to farmers and providing an opportunity for business linkages.
Argus Added Value conference
The Argus Added Value Fertilizers Africa conference took place on 11-13th September 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya. The event was focused on enhanced efficiency and specialty fertilizers, micronutrients, bio stimulants and other bio-based products. The main agenda was to impact valuable insights into added value fertilizer market dynamics and regional growth potential through key insights presented by an expert panel of speakers. Among the companies in attendance were MEA, Chemagro, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) et al.



AUGUST 2019

Market Comments
Yara East Africa has unveiled the Yara Farm weather App, an interactive and hyper-local weather mobile tool available on android stores, the app was developed in collaboration with software development company IBM.
The app’s designer says the user can share the information gathered from the App with other farmers on different mobile phone messaging platforms, even if they may not have access to the internet or smartphones. Additionally, the App enables the user to save and access weather information of up to four different locations within the country.
The app was unveiled during a forum convened to brief County Executive Council (CEC) members of the company’s new initiative to work with counties on smallholder farmer empowerment on effective fertilizer use for improved cropped quality and yields. Yara East Africa Kenya Country Manager William Ng’eno says the company has also reached out to the Central Economic Bloc for a partnership in setting up soil testing and knowledge exchange centres to boost agricultural productivity in the region.



JULY 2019

Market Comments
The first tranche of the 95,500 metric tonnes of fertilizer imported for tea growers from Novorossiysk, Russia, arrived in Mombasa. The 50,500 metric tonnes arrived on board Panama-flagged MV Lowlands Mimosa on June 22. The offloading started the following day. It is the largest fertilizer consignment to be received at the Mombasa port, according to KPA head of conventional cargo operations. The next tranche of 45,000 metric tonnes is expected in July.



JUNE 2019

Market Comments
Many crop farmers in Kenya are counting losses as the country’s weather oscillates from one extreme to another.
The worst affected are potato and tomato farmers as the two crops are highly sensitive to weather changes, especially when grown in the open field. Many parts of the East African nation are currently experiencing an unusually cold weather.
The cold weather has followed a season of more than normal rainfall that led to deaths of livestock and destruction of property, including crops.



MAY 2019

Market Comments
Farmers in Western and Central are expected to benefit from increased rains this month.
However, most parts of Northern, South Eastern, the Coastal Strip and the Southern Rift Valley (Kajiado and Magadi) will receive slightly depressed rainfall.
Agricultural experts noted that Kenyan farmers have no choice but to immediately take up climate-smart practices to save themselves from the vagaries of unpredictable weather.
The use of climate-smart practices has in the past been limited to mainly large-scale farmers as small ones continue to use traditional farming methods, but this is no longer feasible because of the erratic weather.


APRIL 2019

Market Comments
The sales of fertilizers have increased slightly as farmers are preparing for planting while waiting for the rains.
Fertilizer prices increased as registered by most of the agrodealer outlets especially planting fertilizers like DAP and NP 23 23 0.
Subsidized fertilizers which are provided to farmers by the government are not available and therefore farmers are buying from the open market.
In the Rift-valley region, in towns like Eldoret, Kitale and Nakuru, the sales of fertilizers slightly reduced as compared to the past seasons due to the delayed rains.
In the Eastern region, some farmers have already bought planting fertilizers but are still waiting for the rains.
In Central region, areas of Kiambu and Nyeri counties are experiencing minimal rainfall. The farmers are buying fertilizers for planting.
In Coastal region, the rains have also delayed. Some farmers have already planted while waiting for rains.


MARCH 2019

Market Comments
In general, the country is experiencing dry sunny climatic condition. Most of the agrodealers have restocked basal fertilizers like DAP and NPK 23.23.0 in preparation of the planting season which is expected to begin in March-April
The demand and the sale of these fertilizers have increased. The price for DAP and Urea have remained high because some major importers did not have the product in stock.
In Western and Nyanza regions of Kenya, the rains have started, and farmers are planting maize and beans. In Kisii, farmers have finished planting and are now weeding maize and beans as they apply the first top dressing. In Central region, farmers in Embu and Meru regions are also preparing their lands in readiness for the rains expected to start mid-March.


FEBRUARY 2019

Market Comments
The prices of most of the fertilizers remained the same in most regions of the country.
Most of the agrodealers recorded low sales of fertilizers due to ongoing dry season in the country. However, the price of Urea has remained high because there was not enough stock in wholesalers and agrodealer shops.
In parts of Eastern region, the rains were low, and many farmers recorded poor harvest.
In Central region, maize is almost maturing and fertilizer use is very low.
In Rift Valley region, there was low sale of fertilizers. Farmers have harvested maize and they are busy preparing their lands for the next planting season which starts late February to early March.
In rice growing areas like Mwea, most agrodealers recorded increased demand and sales of Sulphate of Ammonia and Urea leading to increased prices for these fertilizers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Nairobi com 2288 2350 2425 3200 3467 3467 3000 3000 3050
Embu com 2200 2350 2400 3050 2350 3400 2900 2900 2900
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2600 3400 3500
Kitale com 2050 2300 2300 3000
Kitengela com 2200 2300 2300 3300 3400 3400
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2500 2500 3300 3500 3500
Thika com 2000 2200 2250 3000 3300 3200

JANUARY 2019

Market Comments
The sales volume for the fertilizers has increased slightly in this month of January due to ongoing rains in the country. The wholesale prices have also gone up, due to the delays at the Mombasa port, this means that the importers are passing the extra charges caused by the delay to the dealers, who are also increasing the retail prices.
The price of Urea has remained high due to the shortage being experienced in the country. In parts of rift valley province like Kericho, Eldoret and Kitale, sales volume for planting fertilizers at this time is low because farmers have just finished harvesting maize, and they are busy preparing land for planting in February.
In Kiambu, Muranga and Nyeri in the Central region, the sales volume of fertilizer has dropped because the maize has already flowered, and the green maize is almost ready.
In rice growing regions like Mwea, agro-dealers have noticed an increase in sale of fertilizers like Ammonium Sulphate and Urea which are used to top-dress rice. Also, farmers who grow tomatoes and French beans by irrigation have increased purchase of DAP and NPKs like 17.17.17, 23.23.0 and CAN.
In Eastern region, areas like Machakos, Meru and Embu, the sales were low except CAN and Urea which are used for topdressing maize.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Nairobi com 2288 2350 2425 3200 3467 3467 3000 3000 3050
Embu com 2200 2350 2400 3050 2350 3400 2900 2900 2900
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2600 3400 3500
Kitale com 2050 2300 2300 3000
Kitengela com 2200 2300 2300 3300 3400 3400
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2500 2500 3300 3500 3500
Thika com 2000 2200 2250 3000 3300 3200

DECEMBER 2018

Market Comments
The sale of phosphatic fertilizers such as DAP and NPK23.23.0 has reduced since the farmers have finished planting. The price for Urea has increased in most shops by around Ksh 200 due to low supply.
The sale of top-dressing fertilizers, CAN and Urea, has remained the same as in the previous month of November in most agrodealer outlets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Nairobi com 2288 2350 2425 3200 3467 3467 3000 3000 3050
Embu com 2200 2350 2400 3050 2350 3400 2900 2900 2900
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2600 3400 3500
Kitale com 2050 2300 2300 3000
Kitengela com 2200 2300 2300 3300 3400 3400
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2500 2500 3300 3500 3500
Thika com 2000 2200 2250 3000 3300 3200

NOVEMBER 2018

Market Comments
There is currently a shortage of Urea in the market, with most of the agro-dealers across the country having no stock. This shortage has seen an increase of approximately Ksh. 150 – 200 per 50kg bag. The sale of basal fertilizers has increased in some regions by about 5-10%where farmers have begun planting but in other regions farmers are still `waiting for the rains.
In the Rift Valley region, there are low sales of fertilizers and this is because the farmers are currently harvesting maize from the long rain and are therefore little to no planting is being done for the short rain season.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Nov-18
Nairobi com 2288 2350 2425 3200 3467 3467 3000 3000 3050
Embu com 2200 2350 2400 3050 2350 3400 2900 2900 2900
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2600 3400 3500
Kitale com 2050 2300 2300 3000
Kitengela com 2200 2300 2300 3300 3400 3400
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2500 2500 3300 3500 3500
Thika com 2000 2200 2250 3000 3300 3200

OCTOBER 2018

Market Comments
There is a big shortage of Phosphatic fertilizers like DAP and TSP. Most wholesalers citing delay in clearance at the port.The price for DAP in most shops has increased with more than 200 shillings for a 50kg bag.
Most agrodealers also reported increased sales of fertilizers as farmers are preparing for planting season.

 

 

 

 

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Aug -18 Sep-18 Oct -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Oct -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Oct -18
Nairobi com 2300 2288 2350 3150 3200 3467 2975 3000 3000
Embu com 2100 2200 2350 2950 3050 2350 2800 2900 2900
Kisumu com 2600 2500 2500 3400 3400
Kitale com 2050 2050 2300 3000 3000
Kitengela com 2150 2200 2300 3150 3300 3400
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2300 2400 2500 3300 3300 3500
Thika com 2000 2000 2200 3000 3000 3300

SEPTEMBER 2018

Market Comments

Price for DAP increased slightly in most part of the country. Sales for DAP and NPK 23.23.0 have increased as farmers are preparing for planting season.


Sales trend (comparisons from July to august)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Jul -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Jul -18 Aug -18 Sep -18 Jul -18 Aug -18 Sep -18
Nairobi com 2288 2300 2288 3150 3150 3200 2975 2975 3000
Embu com 2000 2100 2200 2950 2950 3050 2800 2800 2900
Kisumu com 2500 2600 2500 3300 3400 3400
Kitale com 2050 2050 2050 3000 3000 3000
Kitengela com 2150 2150 2200 3150 3150 3300
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2500 2300 2400 3200 3300 3300
Thika com 2000 2000 2000 3000 3000 3000

AUGUST 2018

Market Comments

Most of the fertilizers are available in most of the agro dealer outlets. Fertilizer sales have however been low due to reduced farming activities at this time of the year. Wholesale price for urea has reduced slightly but most other fertilizers’ prices have remained the same.


Sales trend (comparisons from July to august)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Jun -18 Jul -18 Aug -18 Jun -18 Jul -18 Aug -18 Jun -18 Jul -18 Aug -18
Nairobi com 2288 2288 2300 3150 3150 3150 2975 2975 2975
Embu com 2000 2000 2100 3000 2950 2950 2800 2800 2800
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2600 3400 3300 3400
Kitale com 2200 2050 2050 3200 3000 3000
Kitengela com 2300 2150 2150 3300 3150 3150
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3200 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2500 2500 2300 3200 3200 3300
Thika com 2000 2000 2000 2975 3000 3000

JULY 2018

Market Comments

There have been low fertilizer sales in most regions because planting and top dressing periods are over. Some farmers are changing from coffee planting to Hass avocados for which there is now huge export demand. Unlike coffee trees avocado trees require little maintenance, and their fruit is a good earner. Coffee prices, on the other hand, have gone the wrong way: the price on global markets dropped from about $2.80 a pound in 2011 to about $1.12 currently.


Sales trend (comparisons from June to July)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type May -18 Jun -18 Jul -18 May -18 Jun -18 Jul -18 May -18 Jun -18 Jul -18
Nairobi com 2350 2288 2288 3175 3150 3150 3100 2975 2975
Embu com 2000 2000 2100 3000 2950 2950 2800 2800 2800
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2600 3400 3300 3400
Kitale com 2200 2050 2050 3200 3000 3000
Kitengela com 2300 2150 2150 3300 3150 3150
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3200 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2500 2500 2300 3200 3200 3300
Thika com 2000 2000 2000 2975 3000 3000

JUNE 2018

Market Comments 

Due to reduction of rain, most shops recorded increased sales of fertilizers Nitrogenous fertilizers like CAN and UREA because of top dressing during this period. There was a reduction of prices both retail and wholesale on fertilizers.
Traders and National Cereals and Produce Board officials made billions of shillings selling adulterated fertilizer containing glass and rock to farmers. The traders sold the fake fertiliser at Sh3,500 per 50kg bag compared to Sh1,500 per bag which was the subsidy price.


Sales trend (comparisons from May to June)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18 Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18 Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18
Nairobi com 2350 2350 2288 3213 3175 3150 3100 3100 2975
Embu com 2000 2000 2000 3000 3000 2950 2800 2800 2800
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500 3400 3300 3400
Kitale com 2200 2200 2050 3200 3200 3000
Kitengela com 2300 2300 2150 3300 3300 3150
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3200 3300
Mombassa com 2500 2500 2300 3200 3200 3300
Thika com 2000 2000 2000 2975 2975 3000

MAY 2018

Market Comments 

Heavy rains are currently being experienced in the country making it hard for farmers to use fertilizers because of surface runoff of fertilizers. Prices of most of the fertilizers have been constant. Most of the fertilizers are available but the sales are low.
Cereal farmers in the North Rift region have petitioned the government to handover the National Cereals and Produce Board’s (NCPB) functions to the devolved units. They say de-centralization of the agency will safeguard it from mismanagement of funds meant to pay them for their produce and distribution of subsidized farm input.


Sales trend (comparisons from April to May)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18
Nairobi com 2350 2350 2350 3225 3213 3175 3100 3100 3100
Embu com 2300 2000 2000 3050 3000 3000 2800 2800
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3400 3300
Kitale com 2200 2200 2200 3200 3200 3200
Kitengela com 2300 2300 2300 3300 3300 3300
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3300 3200
Mombassa com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3200 3200
Thika com 2300 2000 2000 3100 2975 2975

APRIL 2018

Market Comments 

In April, good rains have been experienced in most parts of the country and most agro dealers recorded increase in fertilizer sales volumes. Some farmers in Rift Valley areas are still planting and there is a high demand for DAP.
Subsidized fertilizer has not been available in parts of Rift valley in most of the National Cereals and Produce Board (NCPB) stores. There has been an increase in sales of foliar fertilizer sales as it is cheaper compared to basal fertilizers.


Sales trend (comparisons from March to April)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18
Nairobi com 2350 2350 2350 3225 3225 3000 3100 3100 3100
Embu com 2400 2300 2000 3100 3050 3000 3100 2800
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3500 3400
Kitale com 2200 2200 2200 3200 3200 3200
Kitengela com 2600 2300 2300 3500 3300 3300
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3300 3200
Thika com 2300 2300 2000 3100 3100 2975

MARCH 2018

Market Comments 

In March, most of the agro dealers recorded increased sales due to the ongoing planting season, however the price of fertilizers did not increase significantly. In some areas, there was an increase in sale of topdressing fertilizers as some of the farmers have already completed the first weeding.
The KTDA fertilizer tender was announced end of February for 88,705t NPK 26:5:5. Some of the companies interested in the tender include Kingenta, Indagro, Mekatrade/Uralchem, Yara and Ameropa.
The National Cereals and Produce Board has received 1.2 million bags of subsidized fertilizer while 300,000 bags are at the Port of Mombasa. Maize farmers in the Rift Valley region are already accessing the government subsidized fertilizer. Planting and top dressing fertilizer is being sold at Sh1,500 and Ammonium Sulphate at Sh1,300. There has been a reduction in the selling price of subsidized fertilizer by 33.3% compared to 2017. This is due to a Presidential directive to reduce the price so that more farmers would afford to buy fertilizer and hence increase productivity.


Sales trend (comparisons from February to March)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18
Nairobi com 2350 2350 3225 3225 3100 3100
Embu com 2400 2400 2300 3050 3100 3050 3000 3100
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500 3400 3500 3500
Kitale com 2100 2200 2200 3100 3200 3200
Kitengela com 2600 2600 2300 3500 3500
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3300 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2500 2500 3300 3300 3300
Thika com 2200 2300 2300 3250 3100 3100

FEBRUARY 2018

Market Comments 

There has been an increase in the retail price for most fertilizers. Most of the agro dealers have recorded increased DAP sales because of upcoming planting season. In Makueni, Machakos and Kitui, beans have been harvested but maize dried up before maturity due to poor rains. While in Mwea few farmers near the rivers are planting rice but others were waiting for an increase in water levels in the rivers. In wheat growing areas most farmers have already harvested.
In 2018, the subsidy is 115,700mt consisting of 60,00mt DAP, 50,700mt CAN, 5,000 NPK 17:17:17 and 3,700mt of locally sourced blends. The imported products are currently at Mombasa port and all products are expected to be disbursed to NCPB depots by early March.


Sales trend (comparisons from January to February)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18
Nairobi com 2317 2350 3167 3225 3120 3100
Embu com 2400 2400 2400 3000 3050 3100 3100 3000 3100
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500 3400 3400 3500
Kitale com 2000 2100 2200 3100 3100 3200
Kitengela com 2500 2600 2600 3500 3500 3500 3500
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3300 3300 3300 3200
Mombassa com 2400 2400 2500 3300 3300 3300
Thika com 2100 2200 2300 3500 3250 3100 2900

JANUARY 2018

Market Comments 

Most of the agro-dealers recorded reduced fertilizer sales. Some of the shops have reduced stocks but fertilizer prices have remained unchanged in most of the shops.


Sales trend (comparisons from December to January)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18
Nairobi com 2317 2317 3166 3167 3100 3120
Embu com 2400 2400 2400 3000 3000 3050 3100 3100 3000
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500 3400 3400 3400
Kitale com 2000 2000 2100 3100 3100 3100
Kitengela com 2500 2500 2600 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3500 3300 3300 3300 3200
Mombassa com 2400 2400 2400 3300 3300 3300
Thika com 2100 2100 2200 3500 3500 3250 2900 2900

DECEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

Most of the shops recorded reduced fertilizer sales because the season is almost over. Also, wholesale prices for most of fertilizers have reduced.


Sales trend (comparisons from November to December)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17
Nairobi com 2320 2317 2317 3140 3166 3167 3050 3100 3120
Embu com 2400 2400 2400 3000 3000 3000 3150 3100 3100
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500  3400 3400 3400
Kitale com 2000 2000 2000 3100 3100 3100
Kitengela com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3500 3500 3300 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2400 2400 3300 3300 3300 3100
Thika com 2100 2100 2100 3500 3500 3500 2900 2900 2900

NOVEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

More fertilizer retail shops have re-stocked due to the ongoing planting season. Most shops recorded increased fertilizer sales especially DAP and compound fertilizers used for planting.

 


Sales trend (comparisons from October to November)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17
Nairobi com 2300 2320 2317 3150 3140 3167 3050 3100 3120
Embu com 2400 2400 2400 2900 3000 3000 3500 3150 3100
Kisumu com 2500 2500 2500  3400 3400 3400
Kitale com 2150 2000 2000 3150 3100 3100
Kitengela com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500 3500
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 2500 3500 3500 3500 3500 3300 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2400 2400 3300 3300 3300 3100
Thika com 2000 2100 2100 2800 3500 3500 2800 2900 2900

OCTOBER 2017

Market Comments 

With the onset of the rains most retail shops have restocked most of the fertilizers in preparation of the 2nd planting season.

 


Sales trend (Comparisons from September to October)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Mombassa CAN

DAP

Urea

 Nairobi DAP

TSP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Embu CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Kitale CAN

DAP

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 2 months

CAN DAP NPK 17 17 17
KES/ 50 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17
Nairobi com 2300 2320 3150 3140 3050 3100
Embu com 2400 2400 2900 3000 3500 3150
Kisumu com 2500 2500  3400 3400
Kitale com 2150 2000 3150 3100
Kitengela com 2500 2500 3500 3500 3500 3500
Loitoktok com 2500 2500 3500 3500 3500 3300
Mombassa com 2400 2400 3300 3300 3100
Thika com 2000 2100 2800 3500 2800 2900

SEPTEMBER 2017

Market Comments

Retail fertilizer prices have declined for most fertilizers. Most retailers replenished most of their fertilizer stocks in preparation for the 2nd planting season. Subsidized fertilizers are currently not available.


Sales Trend (Comparisons from August to September)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend 

Mombasa CAN

DAP

Urea

Nairobi DAP

MOP

Triple superphosphate

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Kisumu CAN

DAP

Urea

Eldoret CAN

DAP

Urea

 Kitale CAN

NPK 17 17 17

DAP

Urea


Publications

Kenya Fertilizer Statistics Overview 2014        2016 Joint CountrySTAT KE_TZ_ET FTWG Workshop Report       FUBC Kenya final report 2015        Kenya - Fertilizer Market Assessment (IFDC AFAP, June 2012)         Soil Suitability Evaluation for Maize Prod. in Kenya                    Africa Soil Health Consortium - May 2014 newsletter