Burundi

Country Overview

Fertilizer Market

Fertilizer Prices

Market Comments

AUGUST 2019

Market Comments

Burundi has announced a halt to the importation of agricultural fertilizers this year. The ban followed the beginning of a local factory to manufacture industrial organo-mineral fertilizers (FOMI). Burundi has built its own organo-mineral fertilizer plant to overcome challenges in importing and distributing chemical fertilizers to farmers. FOMI’s raw material is 65% local and consists of organic manure and dolomitic limestone, while the remaining 35% is made up of chemical fertilizer which are imported.
The factory indicated that it works in cooperation with other research institutions that operate in Burundi or even internationally such as the Institute of Agricultural Sciences of Burundi (ISABU), FABI, etc. Annual production for organo-mineral fertilizers is currently estimated at 50 000 tonnes and 70 000 tonnes for agricultural lime. But in the interest of farmers for this new product from Fomi-Imbura, the extension of its factory is considered because the demand can increase overtime.



JUNE 2019

Market Comments

Driven by well-distributed rainfall since mid-April, average to above-average Season B harvests are expected in May/June, including in localized areas of Kirundo, where Season A crops failed in March, and in the southern and eastern lowlands, where April rainfall was below average. Minimal (IPC Phase 1) is expected in some communes, but many poor households are unable to afford essential non-food expenditures and will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2), namely in the Humid Plateaus, Eastern Arid Plateaus, and Northern Lowlands. This is driven by ongoing recovery from recent climate hazards and by reduced labor productivity in areas that have had higher-than-normal malaria prevalence since January.



MAY 2019

Market Comments

Based on observed crop growth to date and given the forecast of average May-June rainfall, Season B harvests are expected to be average to a little above average. With staple food prices remaining below the 2018 average, most households are expected to meet their minimum food needs through September.
According to key informants, prices of maize, rice, bananas, roots, and tubers in Kirundo remain lower in May 2019 than one year ago, but the price of beans is about 25 percent higher. Due to above-average aggregate crop production in season 2019 A and likely average to above-average Season 2019 B production in May/June, food prices are likely to decline in June and remain relatively stable until early September.



APRIL 2019

Market Comments

In general, this month of April registered decrease in fertilizer prices. This is attributed to long dry period where farmers did not engage in any farming activities. Those who planted earlier are almost weeding.
The price of fertilizers continues to drop as farmers are almost through with planting. First weeding is almost starting and there is expected increase in prices of top-dressing fertilizers like Urea.
In northern and western regions, characterized by lack of rains, low harvest is expected. The beans are almost maturing.
In central region, characterized by cold climate, planting season is over meaning reduction in the use of fertilizers hence drop in their prices.
In southern region, characterized by cold rainy climate, farmers are doing first weeding on beans, potatoes and other crops.



MARCH 2019

Market Comments

This month, prices of fertilizers that are mainly used, did not change much because they were distributed on time by the government.
In Northern region, farmers are planting crops like beans, rice, water melon and tomatoes. The demand and supply of fertilizers is high but enough.
In West and Southwest regions, rice growers are doing top dressing with Urea. They are also planting pepper, cucumbers and tomatoes which gives a good harvest.
In Central and Southern regions farmers have finished planting beans, peas and potatoes. Maize is currently being harvested. The harvest is not that good, and this was attributed to decreased rainfall in the previous season.



FEBRUARY 2019

Market Comments

In general, the fertilizer prices are high in most regions of the country. This is mainly because subsidized fertilizer by the government is almost running out.
The northern region is characterized by good harvest for beans and maize and a short dry season which was expected to end in mid-February.
The western region is characterized by bad harvest of tomatoes caused by insects’ invasion which has not yet been contained. The demand of NPK is high because it is rice planting season.
The central region is still characterized by good maize harvest and the planting of beans which will begin very soon.
In the southern region, maize harvest was not that good. Also, the demand of fertilizers was quite low compared to other regions.

 

 

 


JANUARY 2019

Market Comments

In the Western and Northern regions, where there is rice cultivation, there is shortage of Urea because it is rice transplant season. These regions also grow crops such as tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and eggplants. All these require a lot of chemicals fertilizers.
In Central region, where there is maraicher culture, the Urea as well as NPK is used for potato. For the rest of the country, farmers are waiting to harvest beans and maize at the end of this month.
In general, there is a shortage of chemicals fertilizers due to high demand, resulting in increased prices especially in the Western and Northern regions. Farmers are waiting for the second distribution by the government.



DECEMBER 2018

Market Comments

There is a slight increase in fertilizer prices due to shortage of DAP across the country. DAP was majorly used for growing beans in season A.



NOVEMBER 2018

Market Comments

Burundi is currently experiencing low rainfall contrary to the high rainfall that is expected in the months starting October. Farmers in different regions, however, have started planting maize as they wait for the high rainfall to plant the other crops such as beans. The low rainfall has also reduced the number of farmers cultivating rice. Due to this, the prices of chemical fertilizers have decreased significantly with a percentage of about 3-29% in different regions across the country.



OCTOBER 2018

Market Comments

For the month of October, prices have continued to fall. The Government has been distributing fertilizers for season A. Planting season has not yet started in western region where a lot of rice is grown.



SEPTEMBER 2018

Market Comments

September is characterized by very significant drop in the prices of fertilizers in all regions in the country. The reason being, season A has still not started, and the government has recently distributed a few tons of fertilizer in its deposits which remained in season B. Another reason is that the dry season is still on when there is almost no activity until the rain falls.



AUGUST 2018

Market Comments

This month, the sale of chemical fertilizers decreased significantly. Apart from very few farmers in the western region who continue to transplant rice and tomatoes, many are waiting for the second use of the DAP fertilizer in early September. Some agro dealers have not sold fertilizers.
In irrigable areas and where there are marshes, agro dealers are doing good business at this time. Another reason for the fall in prices is that some fertilizers are being imported by Tanzanian merchants and Rwandese even though the conditions of getting them is not easy.



JULY 2018

Market Comments

For the past month, fertilizer prices have remained almost unchanged. Currently, most of the farming activities are on irrigated areas, using DAP and NPK fertilizers. Urea fertilizer use in West region has significantly dropped as they have finished transplanting the rice.



JUNE 2018

Market Comments 

In west region urea is currently being used in the rice plantation .DAP and basal fertilizers prices were stable and remained unchanged. Harvesting of the 2018B main season crops, accounting for about 50% of the yearly crop production, is underway. The February-to-May “long-rains” season was characterized by below-average precipitation in February and March, followed by exceptionally high rainfall amounts in April (more than twice the long-term average). The heavy rains had a positive impact on vegetation conditions and lifted overall crop prospects but also caused landslides and triggered widespread flooding. The floods, mostly occurred in lowland and marshland areas, resulted in damage to houses, infrastructures and farmland, and in the displacement of about 10 000 people. The abundant seasonal rains were beneficial to cereals, sweet potatoes, bananas and cassava crops, while they are expected to result in a reduced output of beans, which are the main crop grown during this season and particularly vulnerable to excessive moisture.



MAY 2018

Market Comments 

In May, the prices of fertilizers were very high and will continue to be high because of limited supply compared to the demand. The shortage is for all fertilizer types in the country. This may affect future fertilizer demand in the west region as more Urea is needed in June.


Sales trend (Comparisons from April to May)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18
Bubanza com 36333 43333 47333 33250 35000 41000 34333 40667 55667
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 42000 45000 43500 35000 35000 35000 43000 55000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 40600 49000 47600 35000 35000 47500 38400 45000 55600
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 41000 46000 48000 36500 43000 61333
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000
 Gitega com 42000 45500 50500 37000 38000 50000 35000 44000 61000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 36000 44000 40000 36000 36000 40250 33250 42000 52750
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 40000 45000 46000 39000 41000 57500
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000

APRIL 2018

Market Comments 

In April fertilizer prices were significantly higher compared to March because the National Fertilizer Subsidy Program fertilizer stocks are almost over in the country.
There is a high demand for Urea and DAP fertilizers due to rice growing in the west region. This month MOP fertilizer was not readily available.


Sales trend (Comparisons from March to April)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18
Bubanza com 38333 36333 43333 34500 33250 35000 34333 34333 40667
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 42667 42000 45000 35000 35000 35000 40333 35000 43000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 45400 40600 49000 35000 35000 35000 41200 38400 45000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 47000 41000 46000 45000 36500 43000
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000
 Gitega com 44500 42000 45500 40000 37000 38000 42500 35000 44000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 46750 36000 44000 36000 36000 36000 39500 33250 42000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 47000 40000 45000 42000 39000 41000
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000

MARCH 2018

Market Comments 

In comparison to February, the prices of most fertilizers were significantly low except for NPK fertilizers which remained stable. This is due to distribution of the PNSEB government fertilizer subsidy countrywide.


Sales trend (Comparisons from February to March)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18
Bubanza com 42167 38333 36333 34500 34500 33250 35333 34333 34333
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 39667 42667 42000 35000 35000 35000 38333 40333 35000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 41300 45400 40600 37500 35000 35000 38400 41200 38400
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 45000 47000 41000 41500 45000 36500
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000
 Gitega com 43500 44500 42000 40000 40000 37000 45000 42500 35000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 38750 46750 36000 34500 36000 36000 35500 39500 33250
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 47000 47000 40000 42000 42000 39000
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000

FEBRUARY 2018

Market Comments 

In February, fertilizers price have remained stable except in some provinces where the fertilizers stocks were limited. In Bujumbura fertilizers price continue to be high as the farmer demand is high compared to others provinces. Some provinces such as Gitega, Muramvya and Bururi have a high demand of DAP fertilizer because it’s almost season B bean planting period.
Season B (February-June) rainfall is near-normal and well-distributed. If rainfall continues until mid-June, total national crop production is likely to be above normal.


Sales trend (Comparisons from January to February)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18
Bubanza com 38333 42167 38333 34250 34500 34500 35500 35333 34333
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 37500 39667 42667 35000 35000 36000 38333 40333
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 39000 41300 45400 39833 37500 35000 38250 38400 41200
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 39333 45000 47000 37667 41500 45000
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000
 Gitega com 36500 43500 44500 37000 40000 40000 35500 45000 42500
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 35000 38750 46750 37500 34500 36000 32500 35500 39500
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 36000 47000 47000 36000 42000 42000
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000

JANUARY 2018

Market Comments 

In late December 2017 and early January 2018, the demand for the urea fertilizer was high due to limited supply in the market. In some regions urea price was as high as DAP.


Sales trend (Comparisons from December to January)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18
Bubanza com 35667 38333 42167 34250 34250 34500 33167 35500 35333
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 35333 37500 39667 35000 32333 36000 38333
sub 28000 28000 28000   27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 35750 39000 41300 35000 39833 37500 33250 38250 38400
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 37667 39333 45000 34667 37667 41500
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000
 Gitega com 35500 36500 43500 37000 37000 40000 33750 35500 45000
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 35000 35000 38750 37500 37500 34500 32500 32500 35500
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 36000 36000 47000 33500 36000 42000
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000

DECEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

Season A activities are almost finished, demand for fertilizer has decreased in general as they are not needed during this period. Except in the West region where the rice activities are very intense, the fertilizers price has been very high.


Sales trend (Comparisons from November to December)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17
Bubanza com 37000 35667 38333 36000 34250 34250 32333 33167 35500
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 37333 35333 37500 34000 32333 36000
sub 28000 28000 28000     25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 37800 35750 39000 40250 35000 39833 33700 33250 38250
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 43667 37667 39333 37000 34667 37667
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000
 Gitega com 40000 35500 36500 45000 37000 37000 35000 33750 35500
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 35000 35000 35000 37500 37500 37500 32500 32500 32500
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 36000 36000 36000 33500 33500 36000
sub 28000 28000 28000       25000 25000 25000

NOVEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

Season A (September –January) activities were very intense. DAP was more preferred than others fertilizers for its use in the beans culture. The prices for Urea and DAP fertilizers were low because they were easily accessible in the market.


Sales trend (Comparisons from September to October)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17
Bubanza com 39000 37000 35667 30000 36000 34250 33000 32333 33167
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 41000 37333 35333 40000 33000 34000 32333
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 37750 37800 35750 38750 40250 35000 33600 33700 33250
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 45000 43667 37667 38500 37000 34667
sub 28000 28000 28000 25000 25000 25000
 Gitega com 41000 40000 35500 42000 45000 37000 35000 35000 33750
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 34750 35000 35000 37500 37500 37500 32500 32500 32500
sub 28000 28000 28000 27000 27000 27000 25000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 39000 36000 36000 35000 33500 33500
sub 28000 28000 28000 25000 25000 25000

OCTOBER 2017

Market Comments 

At this period, fertilizers prices were expected to go down because of the cultural activities. However, the rain didn’t start as expected. Compound fertilizers (NPK) were not available on time as well as (MOP) fertilizer.


Sales trend (Comparisons from September to October)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Gitega DAP

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kayanza DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

 

Price trends over the past 2 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea
BIF/ 25 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17
Bubanza com 39000 37000 30000 36000 33000 32333
sub 28000 28000 27000 27000 25000 25000
Bujumbura-Rural com 41000 37333  40000 33000 34000
sub 28000 28000 27000   25000 25000
Bujumbura-Mairie com 37750 37800 38750 40250 33600 33700
sub 28000 28000 27000 27000 25000 25000
Cibitoke com 45000 43667 38500 37000
sub 28000 28000     25000 25000
 Gitega com 41000 40000 42000 45000 35000 35000
sub 28000 28000 27000 27000 25000 25000
 Kayanza com 34750 35000 37500 37500 32500 32500
sub 28000 28000 27000 27000 25000 25000
 Ngozi com 39000 36000  35000 33500
sub 28000 28000     25000 25000

SEPTEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

Season A of the agricultural season which runs from September to January has started, same for the PNSEB subsidy program. DAP is the most used fertilizer during this period which will impact on fertilizer prices thus reducing the prices.


Sales Trend (Comparisons from August to September)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Bujumbura-Mairie NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 20 10 10

Urea

 Ngozi DAP

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

Bubanza DAP

Potassium chloride

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Gitega DAP

Potassium Chloride

NPK 22 6 12

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Mitakata NPK 17 17 17

NPK 22 6 12

Urea

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