The Guide proposes a set of consensus-based principles that are easy to understand, adapt and apply. Its main purpose is to help the public authorities responsible for agriculture in ECOWAS-UEMOA-CILSS Member States make informed decisions regarding the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of “smart” fertilizer subsidy programs that will benefit all stakeholders involved, from fertilizer suppliers to farmers.
African Heads of State adopted the Abuja Declaration in June 2006 with the aim of increasing the use of fertilizers in Africa from 8 kg to 50 kg of nutrients per hectare of cultivated land by 2015. Pursuant to this objective, several governments in West Africa have increased the use of agricultural input subsidy programs within the framework of their policies and strategies to improve agricultural productivity, and food and nutrition security. Despite these efforts, agricultural productivity and fertilizer use remain very low in the sub-region. Several factors inherent to these subsidy programs impede their performance and do not optimize the significant public resources invested. These are, among others, targeting and reaching proper beneficiaries, transparency in the contracting process, devising an exit strategy, private sector participation and/or applying reasonable subsidy rates.
Author Name: USAID West African Fertilizer Program (WAFP)
Publication Date: 2019