Uganda

Country Overview

Fertilizer Market

Fertilizer Prices

Market Comments

JUNE 2018

Market Comments 

In the major supply market of Kampala, solid fertilizer products recorded a slight increment in price. Some traders tied this to the inflationary trend in the foreign exchange rate that gradually increased. DAP sold faster than the other granule products. More foliar products were demanded such as Vega Max, rapid grow, super green and super grow. The first seasonal harvest is approaching. The beans harvest was on going and the market price was at its lowest.

The farmers demanding foliar fertilizers continue to top dress the crops as the harvest season gets near. The harvest for most commodities is expected to be good since most areas received normal to above normal rainfall.

Some areas are planning for 2nd season planting since the first season is usually short with almost continuous rainfall.


Sales trend (comparisons from May to June)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

Urea

 Mpigi CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18 Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18 Apr -18 May -18 Jun -18
Arua com 170000 170000 170000 150000 150000 150000 150000 150000 150000
Iganga com 115000 120000 120000 110000 110000 120000 90000 100000 100000
Kabale com 120000 150000 150000 105000 1050000 120000 125000 125000
Kampala com 120000 120000 120000 115000 120000 120000 95000 100000 100000
Kapchorwa com 125000 130000 130000 120000 120000 120000 90000 90000 90000
Lira com 140000 140000 140000 130000 130000 130000 120000 120000 120000
Masindi com 140000 140000 140000 120000 120000 120000 100000 100000 100000

MAY 2018

Market Comments 

In Kabale farmers are purchasing foliar fertilizers for top dressing on crops such as onions and Irish potatoes. There has been a decline in sales of granule fertilizers since last month. This situation apparently has led to a slight increment in the retail price as few buyers are turning up to purchase these products.
In Buikwe product prices did not change however, it was observed that fertilizer volumes were purchased more drastically compared to last year’s season A. Several horticultural farmers were procuring foliar fertilizers.
The continued rainfall in all regions sustained the supply period longer than usual, however, traders in Kampala’s major input market increased price of the solid fertilizers slightly indicating that they procured some of these products at a different price compare to the initial back in Jan/Feb. There was a slight increment observed in volumes traded this season especially DAP.


Sales trend (comparisons from April to May)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

Urea

 Mpigi CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 May -18
Arua com 170000 170000 170000 150000 150000 150000 150000 150000 150000
Iganga com 115000 115000 120000 150000 115000 110000 90000 90000 100000
Kabale com 140000 120000 150000 130000 105000 130000 120000 125000
Kampala com 120000 120000 120000 115000 115000 120000 95000 95000 100000
Kapchorwa com 125000 125000 125000 120000 120000 120000 100000 90000 90000
Lira com 150000 140000 140000 140000 130000 130000 125000 120000 120000
Masindi com 130000 140000 140000 120000 120000 120000 110000 100000 100000

APRIL 2018

Market Comments 

April started with good fertilizer sales especially in the first two weeks. The situation has since changed towards the end slowing down fertilizer sales especially in Busoga areas where maize farmers decided to plant local composite seed instead of Hybrid seed citing army worm distraction of the later. This has affected fertilizer sales (DAP) which is usually bought in high volumes by the maize farmers. Alternatively, some minimum purchases were done by sugar cane out growers in the region.
There was an increase in retail price as few farmers were purchasing fertilizers. Other stockist claim the foreign exchange rate increased in the course of the month thus rendering the wholesale price slightly higher than what it was previous month. This was also the reason for increasing the retail price.
In Arua, there has been an increase in fertilizer use. There has also been more business compared to last year same time because of trade fairs organized in the region between Yumbe and Arua. Stockiest noted that the influx of refugees from Southern Sudan had created a larger market for agricultural inputs such as tools, hybrid seed and fertilizers. Several refugees bought fertilizers for production of maize, beans and vegetables. NGOs and multi-nationals such UNHCR, Mercy Corps, DCA etc. have supported farmers with inputs.
The planting season is expected to end by in April. However, stockiest claim if the rains continue, they will sell more top dressing fertilizers especially to the late planters. In Kabale the stockiest noted that current sales were better than last year’s season A sales while in Masindi there have been continued fertilizer sales probably because of the spatial rain distribution.


Sales trend (comparisons from March to April)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Mpigi CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Apr -18
Arua com 170000 170000 170000 150000 150000 150000 150000 150000 150000
Iganga com 140000 115000 115000 150000 115000 110000 100000 90000 90000
Kabale com 115000 140000 120000 105000 130000 105000 105000 130000 120000
Kampala com 110000 120000 120000 110000 115000 115000 90000 95000 95000
Kapchorwa com 115000 125000 125000 115000 120000 120000 90000 100000 90000
Lira com 150000 150000 140000 175000 140000 130000 150000 125000 120000
Masindi com 130000 130000 140000 125000 120000 120000 110000 110000 100000

MARCH 2018

Market Comments 

In March, there was a high demand for basal fertilizer products especially in Kampala’s major inputs market (Container Village). The fertilizer price is anticipated to increase in the near future as retailers run out of stock. Traders in Container village Kampala mentioned that sales were high due to the ongoing planting season
Similarly in Lira solid fertilizers sales were high for crops such as maize, beans, soya beans and simsim. The demand is expected to continue especially for products such as DAP and NPK. During the months of April and May the farmers would then concentrate on purchase of SSP, Urea, some DAP for top dressing. Foliar fertilizers are also high at around this period of the year. In Jinja there was reduction in fertilizer sales from maize farmers who have resorted to planting local and OPV seed because army worm affected hybrid seeds mostly in the previous season.


Sales trend (comparisons from February to March)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Mpigi CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18 Jan -18 Feb -18 Mar -18
Arua com 130000 170000 170000 125000 150000 150000 125000 150000 150000
Iganga com 150000 140000 115000 150000 150000 115000 125000 100000 90000
Kabale com 120000 115000 140000 105000 105000 130000 105000 105000 130000
Kampala com 110000 110000 120000 110000 110000 115000 90000 90000 95000
Kapchorwa com 115000 115000 125000 110000 115000 120000 95000 90000 100000
Lira com 150000 150000 150000 140000 175000 140000 110000 150000 125000
Masindi com 130000 130000 130000 130000 125000 120000 110000 110000 110000

FEBRUARY 2018

Market Comments 

The climate was reported hot and dry in most parts of the country. It is that time when most farmers are preparing for planting. In Jinja more DAP was purchased due to planting in the sugarcane plantation.
The increase in price for Super grow has affected use as that farmers cannot afford this especially for top dressing during this dry season and have resorted to other foliar products which stockist normally break bulk into smaller items to allow subsistence farmers buy it.
On average stockist located in the outskirts of Kampala’s peri-urban area are projecting to purchase between 10-25Mt of fertilizer regardless the type this season. Government is advising the extension department to advocate for early maturing varieties due to the uncertainty of the (weather condition) rainy season.
In Masaka and Rakai- western Uganda, stockist noted that projection for fertilizer purchase will highly be determined by the availability of the rainfall come the new season, but the current low offer price for maize which is one of the staples for which fertilizers are applied will most likely affect the fertilizer sales/price too.


Sales trend (comparisons from January to February)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Mpigi CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18 Dec -17 Jan -18 Feb -18
Arua com 130000 130000 170000 125000 125000 150000 125000 125000 150000
Iganga com 150000 150000 140000 150000 150000 150000 125000 125000 100000
Kabale com 120000 120000 115000 110000 105000 105000 105000 105000 105000
Kampala com 110000 110000 110000 100000 110000 110000 90000 90000 90000
Kapchorwa com 115000 115000 115000 110000 110000 115000 95000 95000 90000
Kasese com 120000 120000 105000
Lira com 150000 150000 150000 150000 140000 175000 110000 110000 150000
Masindi com 135000 130000 130000 130000 130000 125000 115000 110000 110000

JANUARY 2018

Market Comments 

The month of December is usually at the middle of the second harvest season therefore it registers low fertilizer sales. With the exception of a few farmers especially in horticulture and vegetable production who maximize profits by producing in the swamps and are mainly interested in foliar fertilizer products such as Vegmax, super grow, super green, rapid grow, green miracle to mention a few plus the numerous boosters on the market.
In the rural market, agro-dealers were selling off the balance from the second planting season. It appears they are planning for the 1st season planting and intend to stock in the near future. There was a decrease in the retail solid fertilizer prices indicating less activity during this time of the year.


Sales trend (comparisons from December to January)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Mpigi CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18 Nov -17 Dec -17 Jan -18
Arua com 170000 130000 130000 150000 125000 125000 150000 125000 125000
Iganga com 150000 150000 150000 150000 125000 125000
Kabale com 120000 120000 120000 110000 110000 105000 110000 105000 105000
Kampala com 125000 110000 110000 115000 100000 110000 95000 90000 90000
Kapchorwa com 120000 115000 115000 130000 110000 110000 105000 95000 95000
Kasese com 120000 120000 105000
Lira com 175000 150000 150000 180000 150000 140000 120000 110000 110000
Masindi com 140000 135000 130000 135000 130000 130000 115000 115000 110000

DECEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

In November, there were very low granular fertilizer sales. It is usually harvest time towards the end of the year November to December and due to shift of the rainfall pattern/ climatic trend, it extends to January/February.

Foliar fertilizer products such as Vega max, super grow, super green and others registered some slow sales especially in the horticulture sector. Farmers in the swampy areas were also able to buy some foliar products.

At retail level in rural markets there was a slight increase in prices for some fertilizer products although very low demand was reported because these products are highly seasonal.


Sales trend (comparisons from November to December)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Mpigi CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Dec -17
Arua com 120000 170000 130000 125000 150000 125000 125000 150000 125000
Iganga com 125000 150000 125000 150000 100000 125000
Kabale com 120000 120000 120000 108000 110000 110000 105000 110000 105000
Kampala com 110000 125000 110000 110000 115000 100000 95000 95000 90000
Kapchorwa com 110000 120000 115000 100000 130000 110000 90000 105000 95000
Kasese com 130000 120000 130000 120000 100000 105000
Lira com 120000 175000 150000 120000 180000 150000 90000 120000 110000
Masindi com 140000 140000 135000 135000 135000 130000 115000 115000 115000

NOVEMBER 2017

Market Comments 

There was a slight increase in fertilizer prices and continued sales compared to the same period in the previous year. This was mainly due to extension of the rainy season in some areas into the final quarter of 2017 which was unusual.

There was demand of specific solid fertilizers by specific value chain such as Irish potatoes farmers in Kabale demanding for NPK, coffee farmers in Kapchorwa and Rakai demanded SSP and CAN respectively. Sugar cane farmers in Kamuli demanded for Urea.

In the central districts, the rainfall was scattered, fertilizers sales were on a decline because of the end of the planting season. Areas that did not stock up fertilizers during the month retained their initial wholesale purchase price.

In Arua, there was some demand for DAP, NPK as farmers continued to plant short maturing crops such as beans especially close to the valleys as the rainfall continues to come down possibly until late November. Vegetable and horticultural farmers in the swampy areas demanded more foliar products.


Sales trend (comparisons from October to November)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Iganga CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 3 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Nov -17
Arua com 120000 170000 125000 150000 125000 150000
Iganga com 115000 125000 115000 125000 90000 100000
Kabale com 120000 120000 120000 110000 108000 110000 120000 105000 110000
Kampala com 120000 110000 125000 116000 110000 115000 95000 95000 95000
Kapchorwa com 115000 110000 120000 115000 100000 130000 90000 100000 105000
Kasese com 130000 130000 130000 130000 100000 100000
Lira com 120000 120000 175000 120000 120000 180000 90000 90000 120000
Masindi com 140000 140000 140000 135000 135000 135000 125000 115000 115000

OCTOBER 2017

Market Comments 

There has been an increase in fertilizer sales countrywide especially granular fertilizers (DAP and NPK’s) due to the rainy season. There were less foliar fertilizer sales compared to the solid ones.

The previous good yield in Irish potatoes growing areas of Kapchorwa and Mbale-Elgon region had a positive effect on fertilizer sale this month as more farmers have planted Irish potatoes.

In Lira and other parts of the northern region, instructions on fertilizer application demonstrated on seed packets have influenced sales of certain granular fertilizers especially products from Kenya.

Traders in Kampala’s Container village an enclave of agro input providers noted that the Kenyan election period earlier affected their business and were only pulling through during September when their consignments got clearance.

 


Sales trend (Comparisons from September to October)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Price trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

MOP

SSP

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Iganga CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

Kapchorwa CAN

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

DAP

 

Price trends over the past 2 months

DAP NPK 17 17 17 Urea 46%
UGX/ 50 kg bag Type Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17 Sep -17 Oct -17
Arua com 120000 125000 125000
Iganga com 115000 125000 115000 125000 90000 100000
Kabale com 120000 120000  110000 108000 120000 105000
Kampala com 120000 110000 116000 110000 95000 95000
Kapchorwa com 115000 110000 115000 100000 90000 100000
Kasese com 130000 130000 130000 130000 100000 100000
Lira com 120000 120000 120000 120000  90000 90000
Masindi com 140000 140000 135000 135000 125000 115000

SEPTEMBER 2017

Market Comments

NPK was much preferred countrywide because farmers found it more productive. It was also noted that it could be applied at different stages of cultivation, and, this time round farmers applied it during planting. Kapchorwa stocked NPK 25:5:5 and 17:17:17 especially for the coffee and maize farmers. NPK was also intensively applied by vegetable farmer’s countrywide.
In the highlands of Mbale and Kabale more DAP fertilizers was bought by farmers involved in production Irish potatoes/onions production. That apart, more DAP is usually bought at planting time especially now that the rainy season has begun.
Fertilizers products such as SSP, MOP, TSP and NPK 16:16:16 were little known by the market apart from Kampala’s major market and a few supported farmers like in the case of tobacco and sugar cane cultivation where some of these fertilizers were distributed directly to farmers.
The utilization of CAN and Urea recorded less application in several locations, however, more DAP and NPK fertilizers products registered a general increased as more awareness gets to the users like the case in point in Arua where SNV maintained an on-farm fertilizer demo.


Sales Trend (Comparisons from August to September)

Towns

Fertilizer (commercial)

Sales trend

Kampala CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

SSP

Urea

Kabale DAP

NPK 17 17 17

Urea

 Arua CAN

DAP

NPK 17 17 17

NPK 25 5 5

Urea

 Mbale Urea

NPK 17 17 17

DAP

Publications

Uganda Fertilizer Statistics Overview 2014        2014 CountrySTAT FTWG Uganda workshop minutes 23rd-24th September 2014        FUBC Uganda final report 2015          An Action Plan for Developing Agricultural Input Markets in Uganda